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Norilsk Nickel files pursue its share by filing Lawsuit against Botswana Nkomati Stake Sale

Norilsk Nickel sues Botswana government to recover around $271 million. The company claims to lose this money when a mining company backed by the state walked away after signing a deal that involved buying stakes of a mine in South Africa last year.

Botswana withdrew to buy stakes as it cannot afford the worth of under $279 million. This state-run company agreed to purchase 85% of Tati Nickel Mining Company and 50% of Nkomati Nickel Mine in Botswana from Norilsk Nickel for $337 million. Being the biggest producer of the metal in the world, Norilsk Nickel could not bear it and files a lawsuit against BCL. Botswana did not continue with the deal due to lack of funds.

The deal of Nkomati, declared by BCL as a strategic priority as a feature of its high-profile “Polaris II” enhancement and venture system, was intended to ensure the long haul eventual fate of BCL’s setups by acquiring the concentrate supply of smelter in Selebi Phikwe, Botswana. Every material decision and its approvals identifying with these transactions were approved and endorsed by the government.

The chairman of BCL Khaulani Fichani states that the situation of the company does not allow us to spend money on this big project. He told the reporters in Botswana’s capital Gaborone. A liquidator is managing BCL Limited these days. BCL stated in April that it would try to raise around $25 million to fund purchases in a bond sale.

Norilsk Nickel would defend the interests of the company under the transactions with jurisdiction in courts over this matter. The company gave this statement on last Monday. Norilsk has sent the notice related to proceedings to the attorney general of Botswana, minister of finance and minister of mineral resources. This company stated that the deal has to come or guaranteed by government however state did not put any effort to get done with the deal.

It seems that BCL has no regard for the reasonable, frank and fair dealings with Norilsk Nickel and it completely neglected to respect the commitments under the deal agreement made in October 2014. This let down to keep the obligations under sale agreement is unacceptable in any business transactions whatsoever.

 Botswana has a notoriety of being one of the most secure and best places to put resources into the entire Africa, and it has earned the most grounded credit rating in the continent on this basis. However, Botswana government has acted in a strange way on BCL which brings the legitimacy of that notoriety into question. These negative consequences could be felt over the economy of her entire nation.

Financial specialist and investors are probably going to watch Norilsk’s case intently as Botswana has been viewed as the best-evaluated nation for mine interests in Africa, an area where global mining organizations regularly need to measure the dangers of indeterminate approaches and confiscation of assets.

The result of this fight in court may change the positive discernment investors have of Botswana. The most recent survey of Canadian research organization Fraser Institute positioned the nations as the top mining investment venture in Africa and the twelfth of 104 governments internationally for the solidness of its approaches. The nation was put behind by Western Australia on regulatory certainty.


Link Building strategy to make your business successful

Link Building is an important part of SEO strategies. Whether the business organization is new or a traditional market player, there is a need of building high quality links. Hyperlinks or Links are basically the medium for navigating from one webpage to another on the internet. In SEO process, the search engine uses the links in two ways. One is to discover the webpage on internet and the other way is to determine the ranking of the webpage on the search engine. Link building is essential for SEO to keep   the visitors on your website. When your link is posted on the other website which is already getting higher traffic, there are higher chances that visitors will navigate on the links and check out your content also. If you are allowing the others to post their links on your website, then also visitors will automatically be dragged to your website. In this way, your website will get higher traffic.

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Access to SEO package for building links

There are several ways by which links can be built for your website hence you should get the services of the SEO service provider. They are the experts to handle different types of link building that will prove to be a better choice for your business. You should select the most suitable SEO package for your business to popularize your business through SEO. For building links of your website, you should consider the seo package pricing to make link building as a profitable option for your business.

Keep the links updated

It is essential to constantly update the links built as a part of SEO. Over the period of time, the links tend to become useless which reduces the popularity of your website and prevents the visitors from accessing your website. If you want to keep up the freshness of your site, it is important to keep updating the links on websites.


A Guide to using Brand Consultants

Finding a professional brand consultant can completely re-shape your business and up-level the success that your law firm receives. Brand consultants focus on an array of strategies that can help to create a clearer picture for your clients and communicate your company aims to a wider audience. Principia brand consultants focus on several aspects of branding, including brand strategies, brand messages, the visual aspects of your brand, engagement and more. By employing a range of strategies, Principia brand consultants can help your company to grow and convey its aims successfully. Below are several advantages of using brand consultants to propel your law firm into a more prosperous future:

Brand strategies don’t just focus on the external appearance of your company. Principia consultants ( understand that building a successful brand means more than the outward logos and graphics that accompany your business’ letterhead. By investing in professional branding consultants, your law firm can benefit from a comprehensive service that builds a strong concept around your company’s values and aims. This will help to more readily connect with clients. By focussing on the intricacies of branding, professional consultants can work on building stronger relationships with clients and develop an excellent reputation for business that will give your law firm a competitive edge.

As well as delivering a strong, strategic way forwards, brand consultants also largely focus on brand messaging. Brand messaging can be communicated to your client base on a global and local platform. Delivering an excellent brand message involves a highly detailed approach, using art and science to create a memorable brand in the minds of your clients. By taking an artistic and scientific approach, brand consultants can clearly communicate your firm’s culture and attitude in the most positive way forwards. Principia consultants achieve this exceptional level of brand marketing by key audience mapping, creating a messaging framework and carrying out leadership engagement sessions.

As well as working on the core messages and strategies for branding, Principia consultants understand that presentation matters. That’s why part of their branding strategy is focussed on the visual components of your firm’s brand. They will work with you to design and deliver a visual representation of your brand. This includes logos, colours, typefaces, etc. The visual representation of your company is a highly important aspect of your branding. Therefore, Principia branding consultants offer their services to guide firms towards making the best fit for their company, giving you more creative control over your branding identity. In addition, your company’s story is at the heart of what you do. Therefore, brand consultants work on telling your story to your clients and creating an excellent brand that clients can believe in and help to develop a better understanding about your firm’s roots and aims.

Overall, there are many advantages to creating a clear brand with professional consultants. Choosing Principia consultants can effectively improve and clarify your branding message. Your firm can benefit from expert help with brand strategies, messaging, engagement and much more. Investing in branding consultants is an excellent investment in the future of your brand.


3 Reasons to Hire a Professional to Help You With Online Marketing

If you are thinking about marketing your business online, you might be doing a ton of research and thinking about doing it all yourself. Even though there are a lot of tutorials out there that make it seem easy for you to handle these matters, however, you may want to consider hiring a professional instead. These are a few reasons why.

  1. It’s More Time-Consuming Than You Think

First of all, you should know that online marketing is a lot more time-consuming than many people realize. For example, doing all of the things that you have to do in order to build and maintain a good, solid search engine optimization campaign can seem like a full-time job for someone who is handling it on his or her own. Additionally, if you have to worry about things like managing all of your own social media accounts and putting together pay-per-click advertising campaigns, it might take more of your time than you think. Since you have a business to run, you might find that it’s a much better use of your time to focus on the other aspects of running your business and to hire a professional to handle the online marketing for you.

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  1. You Can Get More for Your Money

If you are like a lot of business owners, you might think that you will save money by doing your own online marketing. However, you might find that the opposite is actually true. For example, if you try to put together your own pay-per-click advertising campaign but do not know what you are doing, you might find that you will waste more money on your campaign than you would have spent if you would have hired a professional. Plus, if you have a marketing budget, you can work with a professional to find out out how to stretch this budget and get as much for your money as possible. This means that it can actually be a lot cheaper to work with a firm like Fannit versus trying to do everything yourself.

  1. You Can Ensure that the Job is Done Right

There are a lot of mistakes that can be made when it comes to putting together an online marketing campaign. If you aren’t careful, you could make these mistakes and could actually do more harm than good. If you hire a company that is reliable and reputable and that is known for having a lot of experience, however, you can help ensure that the job is done right the first time. This can help you run a more effective advertising campaign for your business online.

As you can see, there are various reasons why you should consider hiring a professional company to help you with online marketing rather than trying to do it all by yourself. Luckily, there are a lot of great online marketing firms out there, so you don’t have to worry about trying to figure it all out without the help of a professional.





Technology advancement revolutionized, selling of good and fresh CVV to make it more secure. Preventing frauds or scams will result to ultimate personal identity protection. There are many good and fresh CVVs sold online, and buying such kind of CVV can make your transactions fully secure.

Sell Dump Tracks

The underground community of hackers provides service, which include selling dumps track. The community continues to operate and grow dramatically. Most people are trying this kind of transaction for their own purposes, such as cash transferring to one credit card in to another. There’s a lot of scammers in this market that will try to take your money in the most extreme ways. Basically, selling dumps track is one the most popular illegal activities in the black market, and hackers, coders and scammers earns a huge profit on this kind of business.

Transaction process

The process of selling dumps track is easy and fast once the seller earned the trust of the clients and the feedback is good the tendency is the client will be back for more and making the underground community to grow much even faster. The client will contact the seller then he sends money expect within less than 5 days it will arrived if you’re lucky. There are many people who are looking for this kind of services to use them for their own desire.  The prices of each dumps differ from the type of the card the client wants, ranging from hundreds to thousands and also each dump contains an amount or balance it’s random based from the card. The sellers ensure that its 100-90% success that it will work and you will receive a random balance credit.


Be warned

Remember that this kind of business or activity is illegal if you are one of those resellers consider that your still lucky because you haven’t got caught yet. This kind of activity is surprisingly beneficial and will give you a lot of profit but you can never deny that it’s illegal still there are many people who do this because the outcome is extremely good.  Authorities are already on the move to investigate and end this kind of activity because this kind of business is under the cybercrime law.

Exploitation of Personal Information

The seller also might take your personal data or information it’s very difficult trust the people behind this kind of business before you even know it your information may been compromised.  The people who runs this business are professional hackers and bad entities that will take your information from you there is always a risk in this kind of business but the ones who tried this before earned a lot of money by buying and then selling dumps track.

There are many people who are blinded by money, so they can be easily deceived by the seller. The urge of earning more money tends to soften the awareness of an individual and can give serious problems.  Beware of scammers and hackers they will surely take anything that they can find useful. If you are one of the people who work in this kind of business, you might have already done this thing and only time will tell if you will get caught. There is a serious punishment waiting for you it’s not too late just stop doing these things and you survive and live a normal life. This activity or business is illegal so why sell dumps track.


Choosing A Los Angeles Video Production Company: 5 Metrics To Measure

There are a lot of guidelines out there when it comes to choosing the best Los Angeles video production company. However,the phrase alone is already quite misleading. Given that there are at least a few hundred video production companies out there in the Los Angeles area alone, narrowing it down to “the best” is not as easy as one might think.

But if you were to tweak that sentence and narrow it down to the best video production company for your project, that would make more sense.The result would also be easier to measure. See, when looking for a third-party production team that would best suit your video needs, there are five metrics you should keep in mind.


“No matter what your budget, you’ll be able to find someone to create videos for you,” writes Jennifer Jager on Entrepreneur, and its solid advice. If you’re really hard-pressedfor finances but need a decent video, there are thousands of freelance video producers out there and startupvideo production houses that charge the bare minimum.

Just remember that quality and price are often directly correlated. Ergo, you are the best one to judge how far you can afford to stretch yourfunds to get the best possible option for your project. Regardless, budget is an important metric to keep in mind.


How often do you plan to use the company? And, on a related note, how often do you plan to release videos? Are you aiming for a video a month or one a week? Is this video going to be part of an on-going series or is it a huge standalone project? The number of times you plan to use the company should also factor in to your decision.

Quick tip: if you plan to use them for smaller, more frequent videos, it might be worth asking if they have a bulk discount or a special package deal that you can take advantage of.

Culture Fit

When deciding on a third-party production team, Wistiaencourages potential clients to learn all they can about the Los Angeles video production company before making a decision. If they don’t share similar philosophies or values with you and your company, they “may not be the right company to accurately represent you and your culture.” You can get a rough idea of what they’re like—business model, mission, vision, and the like—by reading their blog or asking previous customers about them.

Tech, Talent, and Access

You get what you pay for—this is true in the general sense, but some companies offer a good deal more than others for the same price point. What this means, basically, is that company A and B could both charge you $500. However, company B has better, more complete equipment than company A. Company A, on the other hand, hasa bigger team and access to professional voice actors with different accents.

Neither Los Angeles video production company is, in the strictest sense, “better” than the other. However, you have to decide which one suits your project more; the one with more high-tech equipment, or the one with more resources?

Production Quality

Production quality is a pretty tricky metric considering it has sub-metrics of its own. You can measure production quality by looking at the finished product. Is the audio crisp and clear? Is the video well-lit? Do the angles enhance the scene or do they make it look overdone? If it’s animated, do the animations look like they were done by a professional or a first-timer?

This metric is where personal opinion is the only quantifiable data. When it comes down to it, you’re going to choose the Los Angeles video production company with the style that catches your eye. In fact, for a lot of people, production quality is the very first thing they look at when choosing a company. The remaining metrics, of course, help refine the decision.


Features of WordPress designs

WordPress is the most popular content management system (CMS) that is widely used around the world. 60% of the total websites are designed on the WordPress platform. Minneapolis is a city that is home to many business and companies. A majority of businesses have their own websites. So, those businesses which are thinking of designing their websites can prefer to use Minneapolis WordPress for designing their website. Some of the features of WordPress that can power your website are highlighted below.

  1. Ease of Use: WordPress is the best when it comes to ease of using it. It makes it easy for the people to add content or update content of the website. You can add images, blogs, posts, news, videos and much more with just a single click of the mouse.
  2. Manage the website from anywhere: With WordPress, you can easily manage your website from any part of the world. You just need to login and make changes or updates in your website with the help of an internet connection.
  3. No coding required: Updates and changes in the WordPress are easy to make. You need not to have any kind of coding knowledge to update anything. With WordPress, you can make the changes very simple and efficiently.
  4. SEO friendly: Websites designed using WordPress are SEO friendly as the code used in the websites are simple and easy to read. The website has its own title, content, metadata, keywords, description that can easily be optimized according to the search engines. Tags can also be added to the website to make it more search engine friendly.
  5. Complete control of the website: With WordPress, you have the complete control over the website. You can make the changes and updates on your own. You have the control of everything that is present on your website. You don’t need any expert or engineer to make changes in your website. You yourself can make the changes.

The Best Credit Card Debt Advice

If you’re overwhelmed by credit card debt, you certainly aren’t alone. There are a number of people that are in the same position that you are in. If you follow the right credit card debt advice, you’ll be able to overcome these obstacles and get your finances in great shape again.  Here’s the plan for your credit card debt relief.

Have A Plan

Don’t just pay bills when you can and hope for the best. If you’re going to tackle your credit card debt, you’re going to want to have some sort of plan in place.

You should try to develop a plan that will allow you to pay off everything that you need to pay off. You should come up with a method that will allow you to pay off everything that you owe.

Go over your bills carefully. Figure out how much you need to pay in order to get caught up. You may want to work with a financial adviser. The right person will be able to help you come up with a plan that will allow you to overcome your debt.

Don’t Stop Making Payments

A lot of people are so overwhelmed by their debt that they stop making payments entirely. It’s common for people to ignore the calls that they get from their credit card company. Try not to make this mistake. Credit card companies are willing to work with you, but you have to talk to them first.

You shouldn’t stop making payments to credit card companies, and you shouldn’t ignore their attempts to contact you. If there is an open channel of communication, you’ll be able to come up with a solution that works for everyone involved.


Instead of giving money to numerous credit card companies, you should attempt to consolidate your debt. It will be far easier for you to put your debt behind you if you are able to consolidate it into a single monthly payment.

There are a number of debt consolidation companies out there. Talk to some of them and see if they’d be able to work with you. See if you can get your monthly debt payments down to something that you can manage.

There’s a lot of great credit card debt advice out there. If you take some of this advice, you’ll be able to put your own debt behind you. Work to improve your financial situation. Try to get ahead of your debt so that you can come out on top.


Benefits of Payday Loan Help

Payday loans can seem like a relatively easy way to break out of the trap of debt that is immediately hanging over your head. It can seem like there’s no way to escape, but in reality, there are ways to get out of the debt that you owe and make a legitimate escape.  Click here to read more about Payday loan help.

If you’re struggling to make the minimum payments on your credit cards, in danger of your vehicle being repossessed, or dealing with power or water shutoff notices, a payday loan may seem like the perfect solution. Unfortunately, the loans can pile up quickly, often have high interest rates, and before you know it, you can wind up in way over your head.

There are companies, however, that offer payday loan help. These companies negotiate with the lenders to help you break through the ongoing cycle of high interest rates so that you can finally make some headway and begin to pay back the balance that you owe the lenders themselves. Over time, this will lead to you beginning to make progress against the balance of the loans themselves, increasing your credit score in the process.

Typically, when one enters a payday loan help program, the program contacts each of the lenders individually to negotiate terms. Payments are made to the program monthly, and then they’re distributed to the various lenders. Often they don’t accrue interest during participation in the program, so that borrowers can make progress as they work to pay off their loan.

A major benefit of accepting payday loan help is that you can break the paycheck to paycheck cycle. Instead of getting paid, paying off your loan, then immediately needing to take out another loan to pay your bills, you can keep some of that check and begin to make progress. This is an incredibly crucial benefit of accepting payday loan help through this type of program.

While some of these programs are not for profit, others have a fee attached when borrowers sign up. Do your research carefully to determine which type of program is best for you and your family, and which fits well for your income and the amount of debt that you have accrued. This will allow you to truly take advantage of the benefits that a program like this has to offer, so that you can get your credit in order and get your finances back together in no time at all.


Understanding The Different Types Of Retirement Plans Available

No longer do people rely on employee pension plans to fund their retirement years. Social security is not a very stable retirement option as the current population is aging into the years where benefits take over and fewer workers are paying into the system. The only forms of retirement you can be sure will be there when you reach your time to retire is your own plan.

These come in the form of 401ks, IRAs, 403Bs, and 457 plans. The type of plan you chose is highly depended on where you work and what your goals are.

  • Individual retirement plans are in the form of traditional, rollover, spousal, roth, and myIRAs.
  • Employer-sponsored retirement plans, also called contribution plans, come in the form of 401ks, roth 401ks, 403bs, 457bs, and thrift savings plans.
  • Self-employed persons typical retirement programs come in the forms of SEP IRAs, solo 401ks, solo roth IRAs, profit sharing, and payroll deduction IRAs.

Let’s take a closer look at each type of retirement plan so you know what are the pros and cons of each plan.


IRAs are accounts that anyone can set up at a financial institution, QuestIRA, or brokerage firm. These places hold investments, including stocks, mutual funds, bonds, and cash that are intended to be used for retirement. Depending on the type of IRA program that you have, the Government has limits on how taxes are paid and how much you may contribute each year to the program.

There are five types of IRA accounts you can choose from. These include:

  • Traditional IRA
  • Roth IRA
  • Spousal IRA
  • MyIRA
  • Rollover IRA


401ks are the typical employer contribution plans that you will likely be eligible for at your place of work. These plans are set up in an individual account under the company plan. All the setup is done via your employer, which makes this very easy for anyone to get.

With 401ks, employers will typically deduct your contribution via your payroll check. Employers will match your personal contribution to varying degrees. Some employers will match you dollar-for-dollar, while others may match 50-cents-to-the-dollar or less.

The major advantages of these programs are that you get free money from your employer towards your retirement savings and your contribution limit is much higher than IRAs. A couple disadvantages you need to be aware of are that 401ks can require administrative fees to be paid and newer employees may have to make it through a vesting period before they can claim access to their contributions.

Self-Employed Programs 

There are many self-employed programs that you can participate in. These include various types of IRAs, 401ks, and profit sharing. There are too many to discuss here, but let’s discuss the general advantages to these programs.

These programs are available to those who do not have access to an employer contribution plan. These plans have more investment choices than employer-sponsored 401k plans. Self-employed programs allow for high yearly contributions and they are fairly simple to set up.